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北京大学拉丁语/古希腊语标准化考试

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北京大学拉丁语/古希腊语标准化考试

PKU STANDARDISED TESTS: LATIN AND ANCIENT GREEK

北京大学初级和中级拉丁语和古希腊语标准化考试(20225

PKU STANDARDISED TESTS: LATIN AND ANCIENT GREEK

ON ELEMENTARY AND INTERMEDIATE LEVEL (May 2022)

20179月以来,北京大学西方古典学中心已多次成功举办初级及中级拉丁语、希腊语标准化考试。举办这一考试,是因为我们坚信掌握拉丁语和古希腊语是学习和研究西方古代和中世纪历史、文学和哲学的基础,而标准化的语言考试可以让我们能够更好地评估和巩固这一基础。今年的标准化考试将于20225月在北京大学和东北师范大学世界古典文明史研究所(长春)同时进行。标准化考试面向包括港澳台地区在内的全国高校学生和青年学者。初级和中级拉丁语标准化考试将于514日(周六)13: 00-16: 00举行(初级和中级考试时间一致),初级和中级古希腊语标准化考试将于515日(周日)13: 00-16: 00举行(初级和中级考试时间一致)。考试地点以及如何遵守两校防疫措施将通过考生的报名邮件另行通知。北京大学拉丁语和古希腊语标准化考试目前不收取报名费;参加考试所需要的交通和食宿费用由考生自理。北京大学西方古典学中心将考生邮寄成绩,北京考生也可前来我中心自取。

Since September 2017 the Centre for Classical and Medieval Studies at Peking University has been offering standardised tests in Latin and Ancient Greek on elementary and intermediate level. Behind this move was a firm belief that the promotion of Latin and Ancient Greek among students in ancient and medieval history, literature and philosophy would be best served by the creation of a standard for assessing proficiency in these two classical languages. Eager to continue on this path, we are pleased to announce tests in Elementary and Intermediate Latin and Ancient Greek taking place in May of 2022. The tests will be held at two sites: Peking University and the Institute for the History of Ancient Civilizations (IHAC), Northeast Normal University, Changchun. The tests are open to students and young scholars from universities across China, including those in Taiwan and the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macao. The tests in Elementary and Intermediate Latin are scheduled to take place on Saturday the 14th of May from 13:00 until 16:00. The tests in Elementary and Intermediate Ancient Greek are scheduled for Sunday the 15th of May from 13:00 until 16:00. Further details regarding the tests, including the anti-epidemic measures and regulations by which all participants must abide, will be sent to those who register their participation through email.


Participants will be informed of their results by letter dispatched four weeks after the tests.

考试报名及邮箱 / Registration Email Address

请下载附件中的报名表,填写表中所有信息,并将报名表发送至下列电子邮箱:latingreekpku@163.com

Please fill out all the details in the attached registration form (Excel sheet) and send this form to the following email: latingreekpku@163.com

The deadline for registration is the 28th of April 2022.


初级拉丁语考试说明

Elementary Latin

初级拉丁语考试标准和范围 / Scope of the standardised test Elementary Latin

The Latin exam, lasting for three hours, will test the candidates’ ability to translate a short Latin text of about 180 words, taken from the works of either Julius Caesar or Cornelius Nepos, into correct English. The grades awarded to the students are: A (90100 points—excellent), B (8089 points—good), C (7079 points—adequate), D (6069 points—unsatisfactory), F (059 points—inadequate). Participants are allowed to consult any of the following two dictionaries: Charlton T. Lewis, Latin Dictionary for Schools (Beijing: Peking University Press, 2015) or an earlier print of this dictionary, or William Smith and John Lockwood, Chambers Murray Latin-English Dictionary (London: Chambers, 1976) or a later print. Participants are expected to be able to trace back words used in the text to their dictionary form.


考试内容涉及的拉丁基本语法 / Level of the standardised test in Elementary Latin

This exam is designed for those who are at a level that is approximately equal to that of someone having taken a Latin course for three semesters, four hours per week, and who has been reading for at least one full semester not too complex original Latin texts.

The following chart provides a list of the grammatical elements with which participants in the Elementary Latin test are expected to be familiar. Further details on these elements can be found in, e.g., Benjamin Hall Kennedy, The Revised Latin Primer (London: Longman, 1962).

Grammatical   Elements

Elementary Level

Forms

----Nouns: all declensions

----Adjectives: all   declensions, including those that have –ius   and –i in genitive and dative   singular; comparison of adjectives (comparative and superlative degree   adjectives)

----Adverbs including the   comparison of adverbs

----Verbs: all conjugations

· Finite verbs:   present, future, imperfect, perfect, future-perfect, pluperfect tenses; indicative, subjunctive and imperative mood   (excluding the future imperative); active and passive voice,   including deponent and semi-deponent verbs

· Infinitives:   present, perfect, future infinitives active and passive (excluding the future   infinitive passive, e.g., amatum iri)

· Participles:   present active, perfect passive, future active

----Sum, possum, fero, eo, fio, volo, malo, nolo: all indicative, subjunctive and imperative forms   (excluding future imperative); present, perfect, future infinitives   (excluding future infinitive passive); all participles and voices (where   applicable)

----Gerund and   gerundive

----Declension of   demonstrative pronouns hic, ille, iste,   is, idem

----Declension of personal   pronouns ego, tu, nos, vos

----Declension of reflexive   pronoun se; possessive pronouns;   and intensive pronoun ipse

----Declension of   interrogative pronoun (quis/quid),   interrogative adjective (qui, quae,   quod), relative pronoun (qui, quae, quod), and all other compound   pronouns

Syntax

----Nominative, vocative,   genitive, dative, accusative, ablative and locative cases and their functions   as explained for example in Kennedy 1962, §200283

----Passive construction of transitive   verbs

----Ablative absolute and   other participial phrases

----Gerundive and its uses   (as explained for example in Kennedy 1962, §379384); the gerund and its uses (as explained for   example in Kennedy 1962, §374378)

----Indirect Statement:   Accusative with Infinitive constructions (without depending subordinate   clauses)

----Subjunctive in main   clauses: iussive and exhortatory subjunctive

----Indicative in   subordinate clauses

----Subjunctive in   subordinate clauses:

· purpose clause   (with ut and ne)

· result clause   (with ut and ut…. non)

· cum-clauses   (circumstantial, causal, adversative, concessive)

· iussive   noun-clause (with ut and ne)

· conditional   clauses (all types, as explained for example in Kennedy 1962, §437440)

· relative clause   of characteristic

· fear-clauses

----Historical present

----Principle of the   sequence of tenses

----Num, nonne, -ne used to introduce direct questions



中级拉丁语考试说明

Intermediate Latin

中级拉丁语考试标准和范围 / Scope of the standardised test Intermediate Latin

The Latin exam, lasting for three hours, will test the candidates’ ability to translate a Latin text of about 180 words, taken from Sallust’s works or Cicero’s In Verrem (including the Divinatio in Caecilium), In Catilinam or Philippicae into correct English. The grades awarded to the students are: A (90100 points—excellent), B (8089 points—good), C (70-79 points—adequate), D (60-69 points—unsatisfactory), F (0-59 points—inadequate). Participants are allowed to consult any of the following two dictionaries: Charlton T. Lewis, Latin Dictionary for Schools (Beijing: Peking University Press, 2015) or an earlier print of this dictionary, or William Smith and John Lockwood, Chambers Murray Latin-English Dictionary (London: Chambers,1976) or a later print. Participants are expected to be able to trace back words used in the text to their dictionary form.


考试内容涉及的拉丁基本语法 / Level of the standardised test in Intermediate Latin

This exam is designed for those who are at a level that is approximately equal to that of someone having taken a Latin course for five semesters, four hours per week, of which three semesters were devoted to reading original Latin texts. Candidates on the intermediate level possess the skills to read original Latin of a certain complexity in grammar and vocabulary.

The following chart provides a list of the grammatical elements for the Elementary and Intermediate level with which participants in the Intermediate Latin test are expected to be familiar. Further details on these elements can be found in e.g. Benjamin Hall Kennedy, The Revised Latin Primer (London: Longman, 1962).

Grammatical   Elements

Intermediate Level

Apart from the requirements   for the Elementary Level, the following elements:

Forms

----Declension of Greek   nouns

----Supines in -um and -u

----Future imperative

----Variant forms of the   accusative plural 3rd declension nouns and adjective, masculine   and feminine (-is instead of -es); second person singular passive   endings in -re; contracted perfect   forms (e.g. rogaris instead of rogaveris); perfect indicative active   third person plural in -ēre; future   infinitive of esse in fore/futurum esse

----Future infinitive passive (e.g. amatum iri)

Syntax

----Rules of agreement in   the case of a composite subject and predicate, as explained e.g. in Kennedy   1962, §198199

----Sentences connected by   the connective relative pronoun

----Passive construction of   intransitive verbs

----Subjunctive in main   clauses (as explained for example in Kennedy 1962, §355359):

· concessive use   of the subjunctive

· subjunctive used   to indicate something that ought to be done (including the deliberative   subjunctive)

· the subjunctive   of desire

· potential   subjunctive

----Subjunctive in   subordinate clauses:

· noun-clauses   introduced by ut that function as   the subject of impersonal verbs or verbs of fact and occurrence, or as the   direct object of facio and its   compound forms (such as explained, for example, in Kennedy 1962, §415a); in   subject or direct object noun-clauses introduced by quin

· indirect   commands or prohibitions

· indirect wishes

· indirect   questions

· adverbial   clauses introduced by quod, quia,   quoniam or quando to introduce   a subjective or supposed reason

· temporal clauses   introduced by dum, donec, quoad,   antequam or priusquam

· clauses of   proviso introduced by dum, dummodo,   modo

· subordinate   clauses in indirect speech (oratio   obliqua)

· relative clauses   indicating purpose, result and cause

----Historic infinitive

----Periphrastic   constructions

----num and -ne used to   introduce indirect questions




初级古希腊语考试说明

Elementary Greek

初级古希腊语考试标准和范围 / Scope of the standardised test Elementary Greek

The Greek exam, lasting for three hours, will test the candidates’ ability to translate a short Greek text of about 190 words, taken from early Plato or Xenophon’s Socratic writings into correct English. The grades awarded to the students are: A (90100 points—excellent), B (8089 points—good), C (7079 points—adequate), D (6069 points—unsatisfactory), F (059 points—inadequate). Participants are allowed to consult the following dictionary: H. G. Liddell, R. Scott, An Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon (Beijing: Peking University Press, 2015) or a different print of this dictionary. Participants are expected to be able to trace back words used in the text to their dictionary form.


考试内容涉及的古希腊语基本语法 / Level of the standardised test in Elementary Greek

This exam is designed for those who are at a level that is approximately equal to someone having taken a Greek course for three semesters, four hours per week, and who are reading not too complex original Greek texts.

The following chart provides a list of the grammatical elements with which participants in the Elementary Greek test are expected to be familiar. Further details on these elements can be found in James Morwood, Oxford Grammar of Classical Greek (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003) cited with page numbers.

Grammatical   Elements

Elementary Level

Forms

----Articles (Morwood: 122127)

----Nouns: all declensions   (Morwood: 1031)

----Adjectives: all   declensions; comparative and superlative degree adjectives (Morwood: 3244)

----Adverbs including the   comparison of adverbs (Morwood: 45)

----Verbs: all conjugations;   irregular forms (Morwood: 60121)

· Finite verbs:   present, future, imperfect, perfect, aorist, pluperfect tenses; indicative, subjunctive, optative and imperative   mood; active, passive and middle voice

· Infinitives

· Participles

----Pronouns: personal   pronouns, reflexive pronouns, possessive pronouns, interrogative pronouns,   relative pronouns, and all other compound pronouns (Morwood: 144151)


Syntax

----Cases: nominative,   vocative, genitive, dative, accusative cases and their functions (Morwood: 1024)

----Prepositions (Morwood:   5659)

----Impersonal construction   (Morwood: 190191)

----Participle; genitive   absolute; accusative absolute (Morwood: 136142)

----Verbal adjectives   (Morwood: 193194)

----Subordinate clauses:

· Purpose clauses   (Morwood: 174175)

· Causal clauses   (Morwood: 172)

· Result clauses   (Morwood: 177179)

· Conditional   clauses (Morwood: 183189)

· Time clauses   (Morwood: 197199)

· Relative clauses   (Morwood: 127129)

----Indirect discourse   (Morwood: 154160)

----Interrogative sentences   (Morwood: 161166)

----Commands, exhortations   and wishes (Morwood: 168171)

----Verbs of preventing,   hindering and denying (Morwood: 201202)

----Negative sentences   (Morwood: 204206)

----Particles (Morwood: 207212)




级古希腊语考试说明

Intermediate Greek

中级古希腊语考试标准和范围 / Scope of the standardised test Intermediate Greek

The Greek exam, lasting for three hours, will test the candidates’ ability to translate a short Greek text of about 190 words, taken from early or middle Plato, Herodotus or Isocrates into correct English. The grades awarded to the students are: A (90100 points—excellent), B (8089 points—good), C (7079 points—adequate), D (6069 points—unsatisfactory), F (059 points—inadequate). Participants are allowed to consult the following dictionary: H. G. Liddell, R. Scott, An Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon (Beijing: Peking University Press, 2015) or a different print of this dictionary. Participants are expected to be able to trace back words used in the text to their dictionary form.


考试内容涉及的古希腊语基本语法 / Level of the standardised test in Intermediate Greek

This exam is designed for those who are at a level that is approximately equal to someone having taken a Greek course for five semesters, four hours per week, and who are able to read original Greek texts that contain a certain number of complexities in grammar, syntax and vocabulary.

The following chart provides a list of the grammatical elements with which participants in the Intermediate Greek test are expected to be familiar. Further details on these elements can be found in Herbert Weir Smyth, Greek Grammar (Cambridge [MA]: Harvard University Press, 1956).


Grammatical   Elements

Intermediate Level

Apart from the requirements   for the Elementary Level, the following syntactic elements:

Syntax

----Moods in simple   sentences with/without ἄν (Smyth: 17701849)

----Tenses of the indicative   (conative present, historical present, inchoative imperfect, deliberative   future, ingressive aorist, perfect with present meaning) (Smyth: 18751958) and   periphrastic tenses (Smyth: 19591965)

----Infinitive (infinitive of purpose and result,   absolute infinitive, articular infinitive) (Smyth: 19662038)

----Participle (attributive,   circumstantial, supplementary) (Smyth: 20392122)

----Verbs taking either the   participle or the infinitive (Smyth: 21232145)

----Subordinate clauses:

· Purpose clauses   (Smyth: 21932206)

· Object clauses   (Smyth: 22072239)

· Causal clauses   (Smyth: 22402248)

· Result clauses   (Smyth: 22492279)

· Conditional   clauses (Smyth: 22802368)

· Concessive   clauses (Smyth: 23692382)

· Time clauses   (Smyth: 23832461)

· Clauses of   comparison (Smyth: 24622487)

· Relative clauses   (Smyth: 24882573)

· Dependent   substantive clauses (Smyth: 25742635)

----Interrogative sentences (Smyth: 26362680)

----Exclamatory sentences (Smyth: 26812687)

----Negative sentences   (Smyth: 26882768)

----Particles (Smyth: 27693003)



附件:北京大学拉丁语古希腊语标准化考试报名表